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کیا بپتسمہ ضروری ہے؟

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کیا بپتسمہ ضروری ہے؟

آج ہماری بہت ساری کلیسیائیں بپتسمہ کے بارےمیں مختلف نظریات رکھتی ہیں اور اسے غیر ضروری کہنے کے لیے بہت ساری تفسیریں بیان کرتی ہیں ہم نے بہت حد تک غیر جانبدار رہ کر اس مسلہ کے بارے ہیں روح القدس کی مدد سے تحقیق کرنے کی کوشش کی ہے اور میں یہ سمجھتا ہوں کہ کسی بھی Denomination کا بانی،چاہے اسکی خدمت کتنی ہی موثر کیوں نہ ہو یا اس نے مسیحت کے لیے کتنا ہی کام کیوں نہ کیا ہواور کتنا ہی روحانی کیوں نہ ہووہ ہمارے لیے سچائی جاننے کا معیار نہیں ہے۔سچائی جاننے کا معیار مسیح اور بائبل ہے کیونکہ لوگوں نے کہا ہم سچائی اور حق پر ہیں لیکن مسیح یے کہا کہ راہ،حق اور زندگی میں ہوں۔
مسیحت ایک ایسی تحریک ہے جس میں لوگ یسوع مسیح کی پیروی کرتے ہیں نہ کہ لوکل چرچز کے قواعدوضوابط کی پیروی کرتے ہیں۔
بپتسمہ کی مخالفت میں کہنےوالے1کرنتھوں14:1-17 کا حوالہ دیتے ہیں جسے اگر ہم غور سے سیاق وسباق کے ساتھ پڑھیں توواضح ہوگا کہ یہ تو صرف پولس رسول اپنی نعمت کے بارے میں بتارہا ہے کہ وہ دراصل تبلیغ بطور مبشر(Evangelist)کرنے والا ہے بپتسمہ دنیے والانہیں اور نہ ہی اس حوالے میں اس نےبپتسمہ کی مخالفت کی ہے بلکہ اس نے لوگوں کو آدھی رات کو بپتسمہ دیا ہے اس کے لیے اعمال 16/25-33 تک پڑھیں تومعلوم ہوگا کہ جب پولس اور سیلاس قیدخانہ میں دعا کر رہے تھے توآدھی رات کا وقت تھا اوراس وقت دروغہ ایمان لے آیا اور 2/33 میں لکھا ہے کہ اسی وقت اپنے لوگوں سمیت بپتسمہ لیا یعنی مسیح پرایمان لانے والوں کےلیے بپتسمہ اس قدد ضروری ہے کہ انہوں نے ایمان لانے کےبعدپہلا کام یہی کیاہے۔اسی طرح اعمال 40-34/9 میں ہم دیکھتے ہیں کہ فلپس کوروح نے کہا کہ نزدیک جاکررتھ کے ساتھ ہولے اور پھر فلپس نے اپنی زبان کھول کراسی نوشتہ سے شروع کیا اور اسے یسوع کی خوشخبری دی اور جب یسوع کی خوشخبری دی۔تو بپتسمہ کا ذکر بھی کیاہوگا گواس حوالےمیں بپتسمہ کا ذکرنہیں ہے کہ فلپس نے اسے بپتسمہ لینے کو کہا بلکہ اعمال 8:36 میں لکھاہےکہ خوجہ نے خود کہاکہ دیکھ پانی موجود ہے اب مجھے بپتسمہ لینے سے کونسی چیز روکتی ہےاور وہ بپتسمہ لینےکےلیے تیار ہوگیا ہے اس کامطلب یہ ہے کہ مسیح کی خوشخبری کا لازمی حصہ بپتسمہ بھی تھااورہے۔اس حوالےسےبپتسمہ دینےکاطریقہ بہت واضح ہےکہ اگرنشان ہی کرنا ہوتاتو کیاخوجہ کےپاس پانی نہ تھا اعمال 27/8 آیت میں اس حبشی خوجہ کا  Statusبیان کیا گیاہے کہ وہ ایک وزیراور خزانےکامختارہےتووہ سفر کر رہاہے اورلازمی طورپراس کےپاس پانی پینےکیلۓ موجود ہوگا لیکن اس نےجہاں پانی دیکھا وہاں رکے اور لکھاہے کہ وہ پانی میں اترے یعنی ڈبونےکےلیےگہرےپانی کے اندر جانا ضروری ہے اور یہی بات بپتسمہ کے لفظی معنوں سے بھی ہے(باقی ساری تشبہات،بپتسمہ کی اہمیت بڑھاتی ہیں)۔

یسوع مسیح کےبپتسمہ کی فضیلت:

متی2:3-1میں یوحنا کے بپتسمہ کے با رے میں لکھا ہے کہ یوحنا نے خدا کی بادشاہت کے بارے میں جو منادی کی ہےاس نے توبہ اور گناہوں کی معافی کے لیے بپتسمہ کی منادی کی ہے۔یوحنا کا بپتسمہ محدودتھا متی 11/3 میں یوحنا بپتسمہ دینے والے نے خود بتایا ہے کہ یسوع مسیح کا بپتسمہ کیسا ہوگا۔لیکن جب ہم اعمال 38/2 پڑھتے ہیں تو پتہ چلتا ہے کہ پطرس نےان سےکہا کہ توبہ کرو اور تم میں سے ہرایک اپنے گناہوں کی معافی کے لیے یسوع مسیح کے نام پر بپتسمہ لےتوتم روح القدس انعام میں پاؤگے یعنی یسوع مسیح کا بپتسمہ سب کیلۓہے اور گناہوں کی معافی کے ساتھ دوسرا انعام روح القدس بھی ملے گا اوراسی روح کےوسیلہ سے ہم خدا کے ساتھ ایک ہوجاتے ہیں۔

مسیحی بپتسمہ کی ضرورت اور اہمیت اور اس کا حکم؟

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بپتسمہ کاحکم ہے؟

" پسں تم جاکرسب قوموں کوشاگردبناؤاورانکوباپ اوربیٹے اور  روح القدس کے نام سے بپتسمہ دو" (متی28:19)

'خدا کا شکر کرتا ہوں کہ کرسپس اور گیس کے سوا میں نے تم میں سے کسی کو بپتسمہ نہیں دیا تاکہ کوئی یہ نہ کہے کہ تم نے میرے نام پربپتسمہ لیا-ہاں ستفناس کے خاندان کو بھی میں نے بپتسمہ دیاباقی نہیں جانتاکہ میں نے کسی اور کو بپتسمہ دیاہو کیونکہ مسیح نےمجھے بپتسمہ دنیے کونہیں بھجا بلکہ خوش خبری سنانے کو وہ بھی کلام کی حکمت سے نہیں تاکہ مسیح کی صلیب بےتاثیر نہ ہو۔(1-کرنتھیوں 1/14-17)
'پس آومسیح کی تعلیم کی ابتدائی با تیں چھوڑ کر کمال کی طرف قدم بڑھائیں اور مردہ کاموں سے توبہ کرنے اور خدا پرایمان لانے کی اور بپتسموں اور ہاتھ رکھنے اورمردوں کے جی اٹھنے اور ابدی عدالت کی تعیلم کی بنیاد دوبارہ نہ ڈالیں'(عبرانیوں6/1-2)
بپتسمہ یونانی (Baptizo) سے لیا گیا ہے اور اس کے معنوں میں پانی میں ڈالنا،ڈبونا اور نکا لنے کا عمل شامل ہے۔(قاموس الکتاب)

یسوع مسیح کا بپتسمہ کیاہے؟

جس طرح ہم اپنی فطری پیدائش کے ذریعے سے آدم سے تعلق رکھتے ہیں اور اس کے گناہ میں شامل ہوتے ہیں اور پھر جیسے وہ زندہ ہوا ہم بھی اس کے ساتھ زندگی پاتے ہیں اور لوقا 5/12 میں مسیح نے اپنی موت کی طرف اشارہ کیا ہے اور اس کےلیے لفظ بپتسمہ ہی استعمال ہے'لیکن مجھے ایک بپتسمہ لیتا یے اور جب تک وہ ہولےمیں بہت ہی تنگ رہونگا اسی طرح مرقس 39-38/10 میں بھی یسوع مسیح نےواضح طور پر اپنی موت بپتسمہ سے مشابہہ قراردےکر اسے بیان کیاہے یسوع نے ان سے کہا تم نہیں جانتے کہ کیا مانگتے ہو جوپیالہ میں پینے کوہوں کیا تم پی سکتے ہو؟ اور جو بپتسمہ کو ہوں تم لے سکتے ہو؟
اگر ہم مرقس 10:37 سے پڑھیں تو پتہ چلتا ہے کہ زبدی کے بیٹوں یعقوب اور یوحنا یے یسوع مسیح سے یہ خواہش ظاہر کی تھی کہ ہم تیرے جلال میں ایک تیرے دہنے اور ایک بائیں بیٹھے اور یسوع مسیح نے اس سوال کے جواب میں یہ کہا کہ میرے جلال میں شامل ہونے کےلیےتم کومیری موت کے مشابیہہ بپتسمہ لینا ہوگا(مرقس 10:40) یعنی بپتسمہ ایکEntryاورابتداء ہے۔
اور اس   اور ابتداء کے بارے میں متی 28:17 پس تم جاکر سب قوموں کو شاگرد بناؤ اور انکو باپ بیٹے اور روح القدس کے نام سے بپتسمہ دو' سے صاف ظاہر ہے کہ خدا کے ساتھ ملاپ اور مسیح کی خدمت میں شراکت اور لوگوں کو کلیسیاء میں شامل کرنے کے لیے بپتسمہ ضروری ہے اور ایک اعلان ہے اور نشان ہے۔
اور پھر جب ہم بپتسمہ لیتے ہیں تو ہم مسیح کے ساتھ ایک ہو جاتے ہیں ہم اس کی موت اور زندہ ہونے کا اقرار کر کے اس کے ساتھ زندہ ہوجاتے ہیں جیسے وہ مردوں میں سے زندہ اور ہم اور مسیح روح میں ایک ہو جاتےہیں اور 1-کرنتھوں 12:13 سے یہ بات صاف ظاہر ہے۔
کیونکہ ہم سب نے خواہ یہودی ہوں،خواہ یونانی، خواہ غلام، خواہ آزاد،ایک ہی روح کے وسیلہ سے ایک بدن ہونے کے لیے بپتسمہ لیا اور ہم سب کو ایک ہی روح پلایا گیا۔یہ مسیح کے ساتھ ایک ہونے یا منصوبہ نجات کی علامت ہے۔

Is There Historical Evidence for the Resurrection of Jesus?

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Introduction: Students, faculty, and staff, and guests from the Worcester-area community, I am delighted to welcome you to the Hogan Campus Center at the College of the Holy Cross. My name is Charles Anderton and I am a professor of economics here at Holy Cross. On behalf of the sponsoring organizations – the Center for Religion, Ethics and Culture and the Campus Christian Fellowship – I warmly welcome you to this evening’s debate. The question before us tonight is one of enduring interest for Christians and many non-Christians: Is there historical evidence for the resurrection of Jesus? Supporting the affirmative position will be Dr. William Lane Craig, Research Professor of Philosophy at Talbot School of Theology in La Mirada, California. Supporting the opposing position will be Dr. Bart Ehrman, James A. Gray Distinguished Professor and Chair of the Department of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. During the debate, I ask that you respectfully consider the viewpoints of the debaters. Please refrain from any applause, comments, or actions of support or criticism. A question-and-answer session will follow the formal part of the program and provide an opportunity for interaction between the debaters and the audience. Please note that the debate and the question and answer session will be audio- and video-taped. I also ask that you please turn off your cell phones. The moderator for this evening’s debate is Dr. William Shea, Director of the Center for Religion, Ethics and Culture here at Holy Cross. Dr. Shea received his Ph.D. in 1973 from the Columbia University School of Philosophy. He has taught at Catholic University of America, the University of South Florida, and Saint Louis University. He has also served as president of the College Theology Society. Dr. Shea has published more than 50 essays and articles in scholarly journals and he has written and edited numerous books including: Naturalism and the Supernatural; The Struggle Over the Past: Religious Fundamentalism in the Modern World; Knowledge and Belief in America: Enlightenment Traditions and Modern Religious Thought; Trying Times: Essays on Catholic Higher Education in the 20th Century; and most recently his book, The Lion and the Lamb: Evangelicals and Catholics in America. Please welcome Dr. William Shea.

Dr.Craig’s Opening Statement

Good evening! I want to say how grateful I am for the invitation to participate in tonight’s debate. I’ve really been looking forward to discussing the issues with Dr. Ehrman this evening. In preparing for this debate, I had quite a surprise. I was amazed to discover how much our life stories are alike: as slightly marginalized teenage boys with some passing acquaintance with Christianity, both of our lives were turned upside down when at the age of 15 or 16 we each experienced a spiritual rebirth through personal faith in Christ. Eager to serve him, we both attended the same college in Illinois, Wheaton College, where we both even studied Greek under the same professor. After graduation we both went on to pursue doctoral studies. Thereafter our paths radically diverged. I received a fellowship from the German government to study the resurrection of Jesus under the direction of Wolfhart Pannenberg and Ferdinand Hahn at the University of Munich and at Cambridge University. As a result of my studies, I became even more convinced of the historical credibility of that event. Of course, ever since my conversion, I believed in the resurrection of Jesus on the basis of my personal experience, and I still think this experiential approach to the resurrection is a perfectly valid way to knowing that Christ has risen. It’s the way that most Christians today know that Jesus is risen and alive. But as a result of my studies, I came to see that a remarkably good case can be made for Jesus’ resurrection historically as well, and I hope to show tonight that the resurrection of Jesus is the best explanation of certain well-established facts about Jesus. Sadly, Dr. Ehrman came to radically different conclusions as a result of his studies. In his most recent book he poignantly describes how he came to lose his teenage faith. I’m not sure, based on Dr. Ehrman’s writings, whether he still believes in Jesus’ resurrection or not. He never denies it. But he does deny that there can be historical evidence for Jesus’ resurrection. He maintains that there cannot be historical evidence for Jesus’ resurrection. Now this is a very bold claim, and so naturally I was interested to see what argument he would offer for its justification. I was stunned to discover that the philosophical argument he gives for this claim is an old argument against the identification of miracles which I had studied during my doctoral research and which is regarded by most philosophers today as demonstrably fallacious. So as not to steal Dr. Ehrman’s thunder, I’ll wait until he’s presented his argument before I show where the fallacy lies. For now, I want to sketch briefly how a historical case for Jesus’ resurrection might look. In constructing a case for Jesus’ resurrection, it’s important to distinguish between the evidence and the best explanation of that evidence. This distinction is important because in this case the evidence is relatively uncontroversial. As we’ll see, it’s agreed to by most scholars. On the other hand, the explanation of that evidence is controversial. That the resurrection is the best explanation is a matter of controversy. Now although Dr. Ehrman says that there cannot be any historical evidence for the resurrection, we’ll see that what he really means is that the resurrection cannot be the best explanation of that evidence, not that there is no evidence.

That leads me, then, to my first major contention, namely:
(I) There are four historical facts which must be explained by any adequate historical hypothesis:
o Jesus’ burial
o the discovery of his empty tomb
o his post-mortem appearances
o the origin of the disciples’ belief in his resurrection.
Now, let’s look at that first contention more closely. I want to share four facts which are widely accepted by historians today,

Fact #1: After his crucifixion Jesus was buried by Joseph of Arimathea in a tomb.

Historians have established this fact on the basis of evidence such as the following:

1. Jesus’ burial is multiply attested in early, independent sources.

We have four biographies of Jesus, by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, which have been collected into the New Testament, along with various letters of the apostle Paul. Now the burial account is part of Mark’s source material for the story of Jesus’ suffering and death. This is a very early source which is probably based on eyewitness testimony and which the commentator Rudolf Pesch dates to within seven years of the crucifixion. Moreover, Paul also cites an extremely early source for Jesus’ burial which most scholars date to within five years of Jesus’ crucifixion. Independent testimony to Jesus’ burial by Joseph is also found in the sources behind Matthew and Luke and the Gospel of John, not to mention the extra-biblical Gospel of Peter. Thus, we have the remarkable number of at least five independent sources for Jesus’ burial, some of which are extraordinarily early.
2. As a member of the Jewish Sanhedrin that condemned Jesus, Joseph of Arimathea is unlikely to be a Christian invention.
There was an understandable hostility in the early church toward the Jewish leaders. In Christian eyes, they had engineered a judicial murder of Jesus. Thus, according to the late New Testament scholar Raymond Brown, Jesus’ burial by Joseph is “very probable,” since it is “almost inexplicable” why Christians would make up a story about a Jewish Sanhedrist who does what is right by Jesus.
For these and other reasons, most New Testament critics concur that Jesus was buried by Joseph of Arimathea in a tomb. According to the late John A. T. Robinson of Cambridge University, the burial of Jesus in the tomb is “one of the earliest and best-attested facts about Jesus.

Fact #2: On the Sunday after the crucifixion, Jesus’ tomb was found empty by a group of his women followers.
Among the reasons which have led most scholars to this conclusion are the following:

1. The empty tomb is also multiply attested by independent, early sources.

Mark’s source didn’t end with the burial, but with the story of the empty tomb, which is tied to the burial story verbally and grammatically. Moreover, Matthew and John have independent sources about the empty tomb; it’s also mentioned in the sermons in the Acts of the Apostles (2.29; 13.36); and it’s implied by Paul in his first letter to the Corinthian church (I Cor. 15.4). Thus, we have again multiple, early, independent attestation of the fact of the empty tomb.

2. The tomb was discovered empty by women.

In patriarchal Jewish society the testimony of women was not highly regarded. In fact, the Jewish historian Josephus says that women weren’t even permitted to serve as witnesses in a Jewish court of law. Now in light of this fact, how remarkable it is that it is women who are the discoverers of Jesus’ empty tomb. Any later legendary account would certainly have made male disciples like Peter and John discover the empty tomb. The fact that it is women, rather than men, who are the discoverers of the empty tomb is best explained by the fact that they were the chief witnesses to the fact of the empty tomb, and the Gospel writers faithfully record what, for them, was an awkward and embarrassing fact. I could go on, but I think enough has been said to indicate why, in the words of Jacob Kremer, an Austrian specialist on the resurrection, “By far most exegetes hold firmly to the reliability of the biblical statements concerning the empty tomb.

Fact #3: On different occasions and under various circumstances different individuals and groups of people experienced appearances of Jesus alive from the dead.

This is a fact which is virtually universally acknowledged by scholars, for the following reasons:

1. Paul’s list of eyewitnesses to Jesus’ resurrection appearances guarantees that such appearances occurred.Paul tells us that Jesus appeared to his chief disciple Peter, then to the inner circle of disciples known as the Twelve; then he appeared to a group of 500 disciples at once, then to his younger brother James, who up to that time was apparently not a believer, then to all the apostles. Finally, Paul adds, “he appeared also to me,” at the time when Paul was still a persecutor of the early Jesus movement (I Cor. 15.5-8). Given the early date of Paul’s information as well as his personal acquaintance with the people involved, these appearances cannot be dismissed as mere legends.

2. The appearance narratives in the Gospels provide multiple, independent attestation of the appearances.

For example, the appearance to Peter is attested by Luke and Paul; the appearance to the Twelve is attested by Luke, John, and Paul; and the appearance to the women is attested by Matthew and John. The appearance narratives span such a breadth of independent sources that it cannot be reasonably denied that the earliest disciples did have such experiences. Thus, even the skeptical German New Testament critic Gerd Lüdemann concludes, “It may be taken as historically certain that Peter and the disciples had experiences after Jesus’ death in which Jesus appeared to them as the risen Christ.

Finally,

Fact #4: The original disciples suddenly and sincerely came to believe that Jesus was risen from the dead despite their having every predisposition to the contrary.

Think of the situation the disciples faced following Jesus’ crucifixion:

1. Their leader was dead.

And Jewish Messianic expectations had no idea of a Messiah who, instead of triumphing over Israel’s enemies, would be shamefully executed by them as a criminal.

2. Jewish beliefs about the afterlife precluded anyone’s rising from the dead to glory and immortality before the general resurrection of the dead at the end of the world. Nevertheless, the original disciples suddenly came to believe so strongly that God had raised Jesus from the dead that they were willing to die for the truth of that belief. But then the obvious question arises: What in the world caused them to believe such an un-Jewish and outlandish thing? Luke Johnson, a New Testament scholar at Emory University, muses, “Some sort of powerful, transformative experience is required to generate the sort of movement earliest Christianity was.”And N. T. Wright, an eminent British scholar, concludes, “That is why, as an historian, I cannot explain the rise of early Christianity unless Jesus rose again, leaving an empty tomb behind him.
In summary, there are four facts agreed upon by the majority of scholars: Jesus’ burial, the discovery of his empty tomb, his post-mortem appearances, and the origin of the disciples’ belief in his resurrection.
Now in his early published work Dr. Ehrman expressed skepticism about these facts. He insisted that we cannot really affirm these facts.
Why not? Well, he gave two reasons:
First, he said, historians cannot say that a miracle probably occurred. But here he was obviously confusing the evidence for the resurrection with the best explanation of the evidence. The resurrection of Jesus is a miraculous explanation of the evidence. But the evidence itself is not miraculous. None of these four facts is any way supernatural or inaccessible to the historian. To give an analogy, did you know that after Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, there was actually a plot to steal his body as it was being transported by train back to Illinois? Now the historian will obviously want to know whether this plot was foiled or not. Was Lincoln’s body missing from the train? Was it successfully interred in the tomb in Springfield? Did his closest associates like Secretary of War Stanton or Vice-President Johnson claim to have seen appearances of Lincoln alive after his death, and so on? These are questions any historian can investigate. And it’s the same with the four facts about Jesus.
But Professor Ehrman had a second reason why he thought the historian cannot affirm these facts: the Gospel accounts of these events are hopelessly contradictory. But the problem with this line of argument is that it assumes three things: (i) that the inconsistencies are irresolvable rather than merely apparent; (ii) that the inconsistencies lie at the heart of the narrative rather than just in the secondary, peripheral details; and (iii) that all of the accounts have an equal claim to historical reliability, since the presence of inconsistencies in a later, less reliable source does nothing to undermine the credibility of an earlier, more credible source. In fact, when you look at the supposed inconsistencies, what you find is that most of them—like the names and number of the women who visited the tomb—are merely apparent, not real. Moreover, the alleged inconsistencies are found in the secondary, circumstantial details of the story and have no effect at all on the four facts as I’ve stated them.
So most historians haven’t been deterred by these sorts of objections. And in fact Dr. Ehrman has himself come to re-think his position on these issues. Inconsistencies in the details notwithstanding, he now recognizes that we have “solid traditions,” not only for Jesus’ burial, but also for the women’s discovery of the empty tomb, and therefore, he says, we can conclude with “some certainty” that Jesus was in fact buried by Joseph of Arimathea in a tomb and that three days later the tomb was found empty.

The best explanation of these facts is that Jesus rose from the dead.

This, of course, was the explanation that the eyewitnesses themselves gave, and I can think of no better explanation. The Resurrection Hypothesis passes all of the standard criteria for being the best explanation, such as explanatory power, explanatory scope, plausibility, and so forth. Of course, down through history various alternative naturalistic explanations of the resurrection have been proposed, such as the Conspiracy Hypothesis, the Apparent Death Hypothesis, the Hallucination Hypothesis, and so on. In the judgment of contemporary scholarship, however, none of these naturalistic hypotheses has managed to provide a plausible explanation of the facts. Nor does Dr. Ehrman support any of these naturalistic explanations of the facts.
So why, we may ask, does Dr. Ehrman not accept the resurrection as the best explanation? The answer is simple: the resurrection is a miracle, and Dr. Ehrman denies the possibility of establishing a miracle. He writes, “Because historians can only establish what probably happened, and a miracle of this nature is highly improbable, the historian cannot say it probably occurred.”9 This argument against the identification of a miracle is an old one, already refuted in the 18th century by such eminent scholars as William Paley and George Campbell, and is rejected as fallacious by most contemporary philosophers as well. Now I’ve promised to say more about this later; but for now, let me simply say that in the absence of some naturalistic explanation of the facts, Dr. Ehrman’s hesitancy about embracing the resurrection of Jesus as the best explanation is really quite unnecessary. Dr. Ehrman would be quite within his rational rights to embrace a miraculous explanation like the resurrection—and so would we. In conclusion, then, I think that there is good historical evidence for Jesus’ resurrection. Specifically, I’ve staked out two basic contentions for discussion tonight:

I. There are four historical facts which must be explained by any adequate historical hypothesis: Jesus’ burial, the discovery of his empty tomb, his post-mortem appearances, and the very origin of the disciples’ belief in his resurrection, and

II. The best explanation of these facts is that Jesus rose from the dead.

Prophets Daniel Full Movie in Urdu/Hindi

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A Study of the Book of Daniel.
An Introduction to Daniel
The Man.
A.His name"Daniel" means "God is my judge."
B.His personal Life.
He may have descended from a noble family, perhaps he was even a prince, since normally the prominent people of a nation were taken captive(1:3, 6). This would have fulfilled Isaiah's earlier prophecy.(Isaiah 39:7; 2 King 20:18).
He was carried away while a youth, about 15 years old, to Babylon during the third year of jehoiakim (609-558 B.C), along with the other elite young men of judah.
Given the name "Belteshazzar" which meant, may he (or Bel) protect the king, he was instructed in the wisdom and science of the chaldeans.
  • His study was probably in preparation for royal serivce.
  • During that time, he was allowed by his advisor to live on vegetables       and water rather than eating rich food and wine.
  • His dedication made him a better student than his Babylonian counterparts.
He remained steadfast in his devotion to God and distinguished himself by his ability and understanding.
God gave him gifts in the understanding of mysteries and the interpretation of dreams.He used them to interpret two dreams for Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon.(Chs 2 and 4).
He was made ruler over the provice of Babylon and chief of the governors over its wise men.
He interpreted writing for Belshazzar, probably the grandson of Nebuchadnezzar, and was further honored.(ch.5)
Under Darius the mede, who succeeded Belshazzar, he was one of three presidents of the satraps.(ch.6)
His enemies made an attempt to do away with him and he was cast into a den of lions from which he was miraculously delivered.
  • His opponents, knowing Daniel prayed three times daily to jehovah, had tricked darius into issuing an edict which prohibited anyone from praying to any god or man for 30 days.
  • Though darius rued his command, he could not legally change it and, therefore, had to cast Daniel into the lions,den.
  • Darius believed jehovah would deliver Daniel.After a sleepless night, he arose early in the morning and saw that daniel had been preserved by God.
  • the enemies of Daniel, along with their wives and children, were cast into the den of lions and were immediately consumed.
He continued in high office all of the Babylonian period and remained in office under cyrus, king of the Medo-Persian empire which conquered Babylon(538 B.c)(cf 10:1).
Apparently he did not return to palestine with the jews.Most likely he spent his last days in Babylon.
Daniel  is one of the few well-known biblical characters about whom nothing negative is compromise.This greatly beloved man (9:23 ; 10:11, 19) was mentioned three times.



C.His Prophetic ministry.
 As a prophet,he served from 605-536 b.c.
He was a contemporary of jeremiah (28-586 b.c) and Ezekiel (593-570 b.c), a fellow exile.(cf. Ezekiel 14:20).
Unlike the other prophets, such as Ezekiel who ministered directly to the people, he was primarily God's representative in the king's court of the ruling nation.
Daniel ministered for the full duration of the Babylon was overcome by the medes and Persians in 539 b.c.His prophetic ministry was directed to the gentile courts of Babylon and Persia, as well as to his jewish countrymen.(Nelson'sn235).
D. Author of the book which bears his name.
  • That Daniel is the author of this book has been received both by the Jews and the introduction to the Bible.
  • The authorship and date of Daniel are two of the more contested issues in the field of biblical studies...daniel claimed to write this book (12:4), and he used the autobiographical first person from 7:2 onward.The hewish Talmud agrees with this testimony, and christ attributed a quote from 9:27 to Daniel the prophet(Matt 24:15).
!!. The Date
A. 606-536 B.c or later (1:1 ; 10:1)
B. The events and prophecies of this book cover at least the full length of the 70 year exile in            Babylon form the first deportation of Hebrew captives(2 chor 36:5-8; Dan 1:1-2) to the first return of the captives to their homeland (Ezra 1-2).
C. The events of the Book occurred during the Babylonian captivity, 605-536 b.c.Much of the Belshazzar, and darius the Mede.
Daniel had been in Babylon sometime before the burning of Jerusalem in 536 b.c and the bringing of the last captives to Babylon.the book itself contains no date as to when it was written.it clear, however that the events making up the book occurred over a period of some time.It will be noted, though, that there is no progressive chronology is Daniel.For Example,Belshazzar's tragic end is described in chapter 5, while in chapter 8 Daniel is talking about a to Daniel to go and stand in his lot(12:13) may indicate that he was a very old man when he finished his prophetic work.It is thought that his book was written in its final for, just before the close of the captivity, possibly not long before his death.(Deal 199-200).

Joseph (Yousaf) Full Movie In Urdu/Hindi

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Sri Lanka Church Attack Today | Eight Blasts in Church and Hotels in Sri Lanka Easter Sunday

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Scores Killed in series of Bombings in Sri Lanka:
In bombs attacked more than 185 people have been killed and some 400 injured and explosions at churches and hotels in sir Lanka in the last few minutes reports have come in of another blast close to the capital Colombo. Previously six explosions had been reported in Colombo as well as the town of negombo and batik aloha and the east of the country the earlier explosions went off simultaneously a church in Colombo was one off the building hot other targets were five-star hotels more than 30 foreigners are reported to be among the dead.
Sir Lanka's Prime Minister has convened his top military officials in an emergency meeting to coordinate a response to the blasts.He denounced the attacks on Twitter Posting.I strongly condemned the cowardly attacks on our people today.I call upon all Sri Lanka's during this tragic time to remain united and strong please avoid propagating unverified reports and speculation the government is taking immediate steps to contain the situation for more details on this developing story.
Probably who have been succumb to death and we and this is the seventh blast place today.Peoples in hotel and waiting to celebrate Easter breakfast with friends Christians. When the blast went off at around 35 so and this was actually targeting the restaurant on the third floor where everybody was having an impact exciting.
Christian science in Anthony's churches is one of the most sites where christian come and they come from and also many slices.
The investigations are going on only 7% of Sri lanka's population are christian.This is the worst violence in the country since the and of the civil war ten minority in the past. No
Colombo's international airport is currently working however if you are flying to or form do check with your airline or travel agent whether there has been any change to check in wolf-like details gain our thoughts are with the hundreds of innocent peoples who suffer today and with their families. Sky News. More Two blasts rock sri Lanka

                                     The Footage of Blasting in Videos.


The Cross Evidence | Historical (تاریخی شواہد)

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 اثبات صلیب رنگ معقولیت | تاریخی شواہد
یونانی تہزیب وثقافت علم وفضل کا مرکزی نقطہ ہےموجودہ فلسفہ وسائنس کی بنیاد اسی پر قائم ہے۔ یونانی حکومت کے بعد رومی سلطنت کی بنیادیں استوارہویئں۔ رومیوں نے یونانی فلسفہ کی ترویج کی۔ وہ یونانیوں کی طرح نظری لوگ نہ تھےبلکہ علمی تھے۔اُنہوں نے یونانی فلسفہ پر شاندارقانون اوراعلی اندازحکومت کا اضافہ کیا۔ مسیح کے ظہورکاموزوں مناسب زمانہ تھا کیونکہ اس وقت اہل عالم اس کی تعلیمات کوسمجھنےکےاہل ہوگے تھے۔مسیح کی ولادت کے وقت یہود کا علاقہ جس میں مسیح پیدا ہوا تھےرومیوں کے زیر تسلط تھا۔ یونانی اور رومی دور حکومت میں کئی یہودی لوگوں نے مسیح ہونے کا دعویٰ کرکے یہودی حکومت قائم کرنے کے خیال سے بغاوتیں کیں۔ اور ناکام ہوکرمقتول ہوئے۔یہودیوں کا خیال تھا کہ مسیح دنیا میں آکر حضرت داود اور حضرت سلمان کے عہد کی سی ایک شاندار یہودی سلطنت قائم کرےگا اور وہ آزادی کی قضامیں سانس لینےلگیں گے۔
مسیح نے آکر دنیاوی بادشاہی کے بجاۓآسمانی بادشاہی قائم کرنےکا دعوئٰ کیا۔مزید برآں اُس نے الوہیت کا اعلان کیا،اسلۓیہودیوں نے اسے رومی حکومت کا باغی، سرکش اور کافر قراردے کر مصلوب کرایا۔رومی حکام غیر رومی مجرموں کومصلوب ہی کیا کرتےتھے۔رومی حکومت کاباشندہ ہونے کی وجہ سے مسیح کا مصلوب ہونا بعیداز قیاس نہ تھا۔مشہورمورخ یوسیفس کےعلاوہ دیگر رومی یہودی مورخین نے بھی مسیح کی صیلبی موت کازکر کیاہے۔اہل یہود آج تک متواتر مسیح کومصلوب کرنے کے معترف ہیں۔مسیحی لوگ اس کی صیلبی موت پہ ایمان رکھتےہیں اورتمام کلیسیائ مورخین واقعہ صلیب کے مویدہیں۔ایران کے مشہور بادشاہ خسرو پرویز کا مسیحی جرنیل جس کا نام شاہین تھا یروشلیم کو فتح کرنے کے بعد مسیح اوراُس کےساتھ مصلوب ہونے والے دو ڈاکووں کی صلیبیں ایران میں لے آیا تھا۔ مشرقی رومی حکومت کے ساتھ صلح ہو جانے کے بعد وہ تینوں صلیبیں واپس بھیج دی گئیں۔خسرو پرویز طعنہ کے طور پر ہمیشہ ایرانی مسیحیوں کو کہا کرتےتھےکہ تم اس مسیح پر ایمان رکھتے ہوجو یہویوں کے ہاتھ سے مصلوب ہواتھا۔ الغرض دوست دشمن یگانے اور بگانے سبھیمسیح کی صلیبی موت کےقائل ہیں تصلیب مسیح ایک تاریحی حقیقت یے۔مسیح کی صلیبی موت کےبہت سے تاریحی شواہدموجودہیں۔اس امرمیں کسی کو جرات د م زون نہیں۔یہودی اور مسیحی جو ہمیشہ ایک دوسرے کے مخالف و دشمن رہے ہیں۔ واقعہ صلیب پرمتفق ہیں جنہوں نے مصلوب کیا۔وہ تسلیم کرتےہیں کہ ہاں ہم نے اسے مصلوب کیا۔جو لوگ اس پرایمان رکھتے ہیں وہ بتواتر ایمان رکھتے ہیں کہ مسیح مصلوب ہوا۔اس کے شاگردوں نے مسیح مصلوب کی ہی تبلیغ کی۔آج کے دن تک مسیحی مبلغین بتواتر مسیح کی صلیبی موت کی تبلیغ کرتے رہے ہیں جس معاملہ میں مدعی اورمدعاعلیہ دونوں متفق ہوجائیں۔اس کی تردیدو تکزیب محل ہوا کرتی ہے۔رومن کیتھولک کلیسیا مسلسل و متواتر اس امر کا دعویٰ نہایت واشگاف الفاظ میں کرتی ہےکہ مسیح کے تبرکات میں اس کی صلیب بھی شامل ہے۔علامہ جلال الدین سیوطی نےتاریخ الخلفاء میں لکھاہےکہ رومی مسیحی کہتے ہیں کہ وہ رومال جو مسیح کے مصلوب ہونے کے بعداس کے منہ پر باندھاگیاتھا وہ پوپ کےپاس موجود ہےاس رومال کانام ویرونکا ہے۔ 

Is Christianity Blind Faith Religion?

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Apologetics: Is Christianity based on blind faith?
Christianity is not blind faith or intellectual suicide.Faith in Christianity is based on evidence and God has always intended it to be that way.
“You shall know the truth and the truth will make you free.”John 8:32 “Love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul and with all your mind.”Matthew 22:37 It is not how great you believe something that makes it true, but believing something that is true makes it great.Jesus is the real object of our faith. The value of the Christian faith is not in the one believing, but in the one who is believed in.The difference between Greek mythology and potential Christian mythology is that similar events in Christianity happened to real, historical flesh and blood individuals. Moses and the historical Egyptians, Samson and the real Philistines, Jesus and the well documented Romans.
* All the ancient myths have been exposed long ago. It is common to see the modern secular world still trying to undermine Christianity.
* Myths never claim to have an eyewitness.
The Bible does claim to have eyewitnesses: 2 Peter 1:16 1 John 1:1-3 Luke 1:1-3 Acts 1:1-3 1 Cor.15: 6-8 John 20:30 Acts 10:39-42 1 Peter 5:1.
*When the apostles preached they appealed to the public to recall the
events they had seen: Acts 2:22 Acts 26:24-28.
“Apologetics” comes from the Greek word apologia, or “apologia.” It means “defense.” It was used to describe the argument of defense in court during a judicial interrogation. It describes giving an answer to the skeptical, abusive inquiries.
apologia is used in 1 Peter 3:15 and translated as “answer” in the NIV. “But in your hearts set apart Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect.”
Also: Acts 22:1; Colossians 4:6; Philippians 1:7; 1:16; Jude 3.
“We can not pander to a man’s intellectual arrogance, we must cater to his intellectual integrity.”
“Christian faith goes beyond reason but never against it.” “I know whom I have believed.” 2 Timothy 1:12.The heart cannot rejoice in what the mind rejects.

Church History Timeline | New Testament Timeline

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64 AD Fire in Rome – Starting on July 19, ten of fourteen sections were burnt. Nero blamed Christians beginning sporadic and local persecution.
67 AD  Paul Beheaded by Nero.
70 AD Jerusalem Destroyed – A Jewish revolt against Rome broke out in 66 AD. The temple was destroyed and its gold and furniture disappeared into the Roman world.
150 AD Justin Martyr Writes “Apology” – The philosopher convets to Christianity and became the first apologist to explain the faith as reasonable.
156 AD Polycarp Martyred – The 86 year old had been a student of the Apostle John. He is burnt at the stake in Smyrna.
177 AD Irenaeus becomes Bishop in Lyons (city in modern France)– A life long acquaintance of Polycarp used the writings of John to defeat Gnosticism,
196 AD Tertullian begins to Write- An African who wrote in Latin which became the language of theology to describe the Trinity. He joined a charismatic/puritan group in 206 and began to look for the return of Christ. Famous Quote: “The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church.”
205 AD Origen begins to Write – In Alexandria, Egypt he became president of a Bible school at the age of 18 due to the martyrdom of all the other leaders including his Father. He had a long writing career.
251 AD Cyprian Writes “On the Unity of the Church” – A wealthy, cultured Pagan gave his possessions to the poor, vowed chastity. Became bishop of Carthage. He said, “A second birth created me a new man by means of the spirit breathed from heaven.” He was no Theologian but practically worked in the office of a leading pastor for church unity.
270 AD Anthony Begins Life as a Hermit – His original idea sparks the monastic movement.
312 AD Constantine Converts to Christianity.
325 AD Council of Nicea – Due to Arius’ teaching that Jesus was divine but not God a deadly debate broke out and was the focal point of this council.
367 AD Athanasius’s Letter Recognizes New Testament Canon Books- He used two standards: 1) Apostolic Origin, 2) The use of the writings in the churches.
385 AD Bishop Ambrose Defies the Empress – Church power uses threats loss church membership, loss of communion, loss of salvation to manipulate the political world.
387 AD Augustine is converted.
397 AD Council of Carthage- This council confirmed and officially recognized Athanasius’ list of New Testament canon.
398 AD John Chrysostom Becomes Bishop of Constantinople.
405 AD Jerome Completes Latin Vulgate- The Latin translation that became the standard text of the church until the reformation in the 1500’s.
432 AD Patrick goes to Ireland as a missionary after having escaped slavery there several years before.
451 AD Council of Chalcedon-By this time an Eastern and Western split was forming. Rome and Alexandria, Egypt sided together against Antioch and Constantinople from the East. They exiled each others leaders over theological issues. 400 bishops came to this council and voted to defined that Christ is “acknowledged in two natures, without confusion, without change, without division, without separation. . .the characteristic property of each nature being preserved and coming together to form one person.” This was the first council that the Roman bishop (the Pope) played a major role, a fact that caused the East to consider this the last official council with the west.
451 AD Columba goes to Scotland as a Missionary.
590 AD Gregory I becomes Pope. He asked for military troops to protect Rome from Constantinople. None were sent so Gregory organized his own army. He taught masses celebrated in behalf of the dead could relieve their pains in a place he believed in called purgatory. He was interested in church music and the Gregorian chant is named after him.
732 AD Battle of Tours- Here Charles Martel turned back the massive forces of the Muslims that had swept across North Africa and up into Europe. This battle saved Western civilization or else we might be speaking Arabic.
800 AD Charlemagne Crowned Emperor-He united an empire in the West, provided leadership and protection, and did not see any reason to submit to the pope.
1054 AD The East and West Schism- East used Greek for theology, the West used Latin. Worship styles were different concerning communion bread, the date for Lent, and how to celebrate mass. Eastern priest could marry but had to have a beard. Viceversa in the West. The pope sent delegates to the East. They were refused a hearing and the delegates excommunicated the churches leader in the East. He in return excommunicated the Western delegates. The East became the Greek Orthodox Church. The West became the Roman Catholic Church.
1095 AD First Crusade launched by Pope Urban II.
1150 AD University of Oxford founded.
1173 AD Waldensians founded by Peter Waldo.
1206 AD Francis of Assisi Renounces Wealth.
1215 AD Fourth Lateran Council ruled that every baptized person must annually make confession to a priest and take communion. The doctrine of transubstantiation was made official. There was only one true church. Disagreeing with the church was no longer an option. The state could punish heretics and confiscate their property. Jews were required to wear special identifying badges and Christians could not do business with the Jews, in time placing the Jews in the ghettos.
1252 AD Pope Innocent IV authorized torture as a means of getting information and confessions out of people in cases of heresy.
1273 AD Thomas Aquinas Completes huge Theological work called “Summa Theologica” that becomes the theological base of Christianity.
1321 AD Dante Completes the Divine Comedy.
1380 AD Wycliffe Oversees The Translation of the Bible into English.
1415 AD John Hus is burnt at the Stake by the Church for asserting that Christ alone is the head of the church, that God alone can forgive sin, that the pope could not establish doctrine apart from the Bible. Influenced by Wycliffe he lifted Biblical preaching to an important place with the church service. He challenged the worldliness of the church leaders by comparing them to Christ: They rode a horse, Christ walked. They had their feet kissed, Christ washed the disciples feet. His nation of Bohemia rebelled successfully against the Catholic church.
1456 AD Johann Gutenberg’s Printing Press produces the first printed Bible. A new age of communication has opened up.
1478 AD Establishment of Spanish Inquisition- The church turned those who did not agree with their doctrines over to be killed. They would torture people until they turned others in or confessed they to taught against the “accepted” church teachings. The Church could confiscate property of the condemned. The Protestants took hold of northern Europe. Spain and the south fell into the hands of the Roman Catholic Church.
1512 AD Michelangelo Completes Sistine Chapel Ceiling.
1517 AD Martin Luther Posts his 95 Theses.
1523 AD Zwingli Leads Swiss Reformation.
1525 AD Anabaptist Movement Begins- For some people the reformation was not moving fast enough back to the first century church of scripture. Lutherans and members of the Swiss Reformation were still caught in church hierarchy. The conflict that surfaced was infant baptism. On January 21, 1525 the church order them to cease disputation. That cold, snowy evening the rebels went out rebaptized the adults. They were called Anabaptist, or “rebaptizer” by the church. They would often interrupt Protestant church meetings and refused to go to war for their nation. The Mennonites and Brethren churches are descendants of this group.
1536 AD John Calvin Publishes “The Institutes of the Christian Religion”
1545 AD Council of Trent Begins-In response to the Protestants acquisitions and masses of people leaving, this 18 year meeting abolished indulgences, and the clergy were exhorted to “avoid even the smallest faults.” But they restated the Catholic doctrine and rejected the Protestant claim of only two of the seven sacraments. They rejected the reformed teaching that a person could know that they were justified. They reaffirmed transubstantiation (bread and wine became Christ). Church services still could not be in the common languages but had to be in Latin. And “Fearing what would happen if every plowboy could indeed read the Scriptures for himself, the council again said the church alone could adequately interpret Scripture and refused the use of the Bible in the languages for the people. Only the Latin Vulgate was accepted.
1572 AD Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre- The Queen of France, Catherine de Medici, ordered the execution of all Protestant leaders in Paris. At 4:00 a.m. on August 24, on St Bartholomew’s Day. Most of the Protestants were middle class, when the upper class began to execute the middle class protestants leaders, the lower class joined in. Bodies were piled up by the hundreds. 30,000 – 40,000 Protestants died.
1608 AD First Baptist Baptized by John Smith.
1611AD Publication of the King James Bible.
1620 AD Pilgrims sign Mayflower Compact.
1648 AD Society of Friends Founded by George Fox.
1678 AD John Bunyan’s “The Pilgrims Progress” is published.
1735 AD The Great Awakening under Jonathan Edwards – Believing in Calvin’s doctrine of election he believed God chooses whom he will save, Edwards insisted that pastors in the New England colonies preach about the gravity of sin and the necessity of the heart turning toward God. Jonathan Edwards was not flamboyant and his sermons were centered on justification by faith with his intellectual bent. The result was surprisingly an incredible emotional response that included wailing and bodily contortions that Edwards called emotional excesses that were evidence of the Spirit of God moving in human hearts.
1738 AD John Wesley’s Conversion – John joined his brothers home Bible study they called “Holy Club” that searched for holiness. This became the Methodists.
1780 AD Robert Raikes begins Sunday School.
1793 AD William Carey Sails for India.
1807 AD Slave Trade Abolished by vote of British Parliament.
1816 AD African Methodist Episcopal Church Founded by Richard Allen.
1830 AD Charles G. Finney’s Urban Revivals Begin.
1830 AD John Nelson Darby helps start the Plymouth Brethren. Darby was the first to teach the doctrine of the rapture of the church.
1854 AD Hudson Taylor arrives in China.
1854 AD Soren Kierkegaard Publishes attacks on Christendom – He became the father of “existentialism” which gained prominence in the 20th century. He is responsible for much of the subjectivity of modern theology.
1854 AD Charles Spurgeon becomes Pastor in London.
1855 AD Dwight L. Moody’s conversion.
1857 AD David Livingstone Publishes Missionary Travels.
1865 AD Salvation Army Founded by William Booth.
1870 AD Papal Infallibility proclaimed doctrine by Pope Pius IX.
1906 AD Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism.
1910 AD Fundamentalist Movement launched by the Publication of “The Fundamentals”.
1919 AD Karl Barth’s “Commentary on Romans” is published.
1921 AD First Christian Radio Program.
1948 AD World Council of Churches is formed.
1949 AD Billy Graham’s Los Angeles Crusades.
1960 AD Modern Charismatic Movement begins.
1963 AD Martin Luther King, Jr., leads March on Washington.
1970 AD Chinese Church Grows despite shutdown of churches.

Ezra through Nehemiah Timeline Covers 107 Years | Old Testament Timeline

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Ezra through Nehemiah Timeline (covers 107 years)

ZERRUBABEL’S return with 29,818 Israelites to rebuild the temple,23 years.
539 BC Cyrus overthrew Babylon.
Daniel prays (in Ecbatana?) Daniel 9.Cyrus allowed any Jews to return & rebuild temple Ezra 1:2.


537 BC Return of the remnant Ezra 2.
536 BC Zerubbabel goes to rebuild the temple Ezra 3.
Altar built and the foundation laid,
Angel comes to Daniel after 3 weeks of fasting Daniel 10,11,12.
529 BC Cambyses (Cyrus son) succeeds Cyrus , opposition to Jews Ezra 4:1-5.
521 BC Darius Hystaspes takes over the throne Haggai 1:2.
Darius rejects opposition to building; orders Samaritans to stay away Ezra 5-6.
520 BC Ministry of Haggai; Haggai 1:1 on Aug. 29, Haggai 2:1 on Oct.17,
Ministry of Zechariah; Zechariah 1:1 Oct/Nov
Resume building temple Ezra 5.
518 BC Dec. 7, 518 BC, Zechariah 7.
516 BC Temple completed by Zerubbabel Ezra 6:13-18.

Interlude of 31 years: 31 years; Time of ESTHER

Persecution in Susa; Opposition continues in Judea: 27 years.
485 BC Xerxes begins to reign; Samaritans take this chance to file a complaint Ezra 4:6
Xerxes says stop rebuilding of the rebellious city, Jerusalem.
483 BC Xerxes vast display of wealth and banquets Esther 1.
478/9 BC Esther goes to Xerxes and becomes Queen in Dec/Jan Esther 2.
474 BC Esther’s fifth year as queen. On April 17 the execution date set by lot Esther 3:7.
473 BC Jews are to be killed on March 7 Esther 3:12-14.
464-458? BC Artaxerxes says to stop rebuilding the rebellious city Ezra 4:7-23.
Artaxerxes says “this city will not be rebuilt until I so order” Ezra 4:21 (Dn.9:25).
In Artaxerxes’ seventh year he issues the decree to rebuild and restore Ezra 7:12-26 (Dn.9:25).
Ezra leaves Babylon on April 8 to teach the law to the Jews
that have returned; Ezra arrives in Jerusalem on Aug.4 Ezra 7:8,9.
People assemble on Dec. 19; The investigation of intermarriage begins Ezra 10:9-16.
457 BC Committee ends a three month investigation by Mar/Apr Ezra 10:17.
NEHEMIAH leaves Susa w/ King Artaxerxes permission to rebuild Jerusalem’s wall: 13 years.
445 BC Nehemiah leaves to rebuild the walls (Artaxerxes 20th year) Nehemiah 1.
Mar/Apr 445 BC, no walls Nehemiah 2:1.
Opposition to building walls Nehemiah 4.
Oct. 2, 445 BC, walls completed in 52 days Nehemiah 6:15.
Oct. 8, 445 BC, Ezra reads Law to public for first time in thirteen years Nehemiah 8:2
Oct. 9, 445, People celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles Nehemiah 8;13.
Oct. 30, 445, Israel confesses their sin Nehemiah 9.
433 BC Nehemiah is recalled to Artaxerxes after a 12 year absence Nehemiah 5:14;13:6.
432 BC Malachi written.

--------About 458 years of silence from God concerning his revelation -----

26 AD Jesus public ministry begins. Daniel’s 70 weeks
(or, 490 years) are interrupted. They began w/ Artaxerxes’
decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem in 458 BC in Ezra 7:12-26.
458 BC + 26 AD = 484 (Daniel’s “69 7’s”, 483 until Messiah). 
 
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